Natural deer habitats can vary widely across the United States; all species of deer are very much adaptable. According the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, overall, deer thrive best in areas with young forests and brush where they feed on buds, branches, fresh grass, and green leaves that are close to the ground. In an older forest, these resources may not be available. Deer require areas with a great diversity in plant materials and require water sources every mile or so, too.
Mule deer species are thriving in many different forested areas and grasslands in the western United States. They live in open woodlands, range and canyon lands, sagebrush areas and mountains. In mountainous regions Mule deer will winter at lower elevations where the snowfall is less dramatic.
All deer species prefer to be close to areas that will provide cover from predators as well as adequate food supplies. This makes habitats known as edge habitat especially appealing to the animals. Edge habitats are areas where deer can feed on the plants that grow in the fields, farms and gardens while still being able to retreat into the forest when they feel threatened.
Because of their nutritional requirements, including both quantity and quality of food, deer habitat must be conducive to supplying ample amounts of high quality deer food. Experts have even tracked low deer populations to poor habitats.
There are 44 species of deer in the world living on most every continent making the overall range of deer on the whole as far reaching as the earth itself. There is even one (1) species that exists only on one (1) island in the Philippines. The table below illustrates the home ranges of several species of deer in the world.
Deer Habitat-ClimateCloser to home deer do not travel more than a few miles from their bedding areas; however, in northern areas deer may travel as much as 30 miles south and be found under the cover of large evergreen trees where snow depths are lessened.
Because of their diverse range deer live in a variety of climates. From the deserts of the southwest United States to the river basins in China to the bitter cold areas of northern
Canada deer habitat as it pertains to the climate is quite varied.
The range and climate of the Deer species make most of the places in the earth ideal deer habitat.