Vole habitat can be a wide variety of climates and flora. The meadow vole has a preference for areas with heavy cover. Heavily grassed areas such as meadows or edge habitat make excellent vole habitat as well. Some voles are quite happy to live in orchards and cultivated fields. While others, still, would prefer to live in young forested areas. Pond banks, pastures and fence rows are quite popular as are lawns and gardens.
Home ranges will vary between species but are normally quite small. The meadow vole will normally stay within 400 feet of their home. In the winter time their activity will not lead them much further than their underground vole habitat.
Vole habitat will include a cozy place to call home sweet home. Nests are normally in shallow burrows reaching only three (3) to four (4) inches below ground. Voles may also create nests above ground. These above ground nests are hidden from site and are curiously placed under objects such as rocks and flower planters. If they are living in wooded areas they will utilize the habitat and build nests under the cover of leaf litter.
Burrow entrances will measure about one and one-half (1 ½) inches in diameter.